Macular Degeneration is the most common cause of poor vision in people over 50 years of age. It affects the central part of the retina, reducing reading vision. It is of 2 types, dry and wet. Dry type is usually characterised by deposition of fatty substances (Drusen) and loss of nerve cells (atrophy).
Wet type is characterised by exudation of fluid and new blood vessels. It is diagnosed with the help of a dilated examination to the back of the eye, fundus camera and OCT machine. Dye test / fluorescein angiogram may be required to confirm the diagnoses. It is treated by intravitreal injections of Ante VEGF (Lucentis) which helps control fluid leak / new blood vessels.